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  • WCF中使用nettcp協議進行通訊的方法

     更新時間:2019-09-08 20:01:30   作者:佚名   我要評論(0)

    快速閱讀


    如何在wcf中用net tcp協議進行通訊,一個打開Wcf的公共類。比較好好,可以記下來。 配置文件中注意配置 Service,binding,behaviors. Service中配

    快速閱讀

    如何在wcf中用net tcp協議進行通訊,一個打開Wcf的公共類。比較好好,可以記下來。 配置文件中注意配置 Service,binding,behaviors. Service中配置endpoint 指明abc ,binding中配置tcp通訊的要關參數,behaivor中配置http請求的 地址

    1.建立服務服務端

    還是用上次的代碼,提供一個user類,實現一個方法

    [ServiceContract]
     public interface IUser
     {
     [OperationContract]
     string GetUserInfo();
     }
    [ServiceContract]
     public interface IUser
     {
     [OperationContract]
     string GetUserInfo();
     }

    2.ServiceHostManager公有類

    通過公有類可以減少代碼編寫量,可以保存下來,以后用的時候 直接拿來用

    public interface IServiceHostmanager : IDisposable
     {
     void Start();
     void Stop();
     }
    
     public class ServiceHostManager<TService>:IServiceHostmanager 
     where TService:class
     {
     private ServiceHost host;
     public void Dispose()
     {
      Stop();
     }
    
     public ServiceHostManager()
     {
      host=new ServiceHost(typeof(User));
      host.Opened+= (sender, e) =>
      {
      Console.WriteLine("wcf服務已經啟動監聽{0}",host.Description.Endpoints[0].Address);
      };
      host.Closed+= (sender, e) =>
      {
      Console.WriteLine("wcf服務已經啟動關閉{0}", host.Description.Endpoints[0].Address);
      };
     } 
     public void Start()
     {
      Console.WriteLine("正在啟動wcf服務{0}",host.Description.Endpoints[0].Name);
      host.Open();
     }
    
     public void Stop()
     {
      if (host != null && host.State == CommunicationState.Opened)
      {
      Console.WriteLine("正在關閉wcf服務{0}", host.Description.Endpoints[0].Name);
      host.Close();
      }
      
     }
    
     public static Task StartNew(CancellationTokenSource conTokenSource)
     {
      var task = Task.Factory.StartNew(() =>
      {
      IServiceHostmanager shm = null;
      try
      {
       shm = new ServiceHostManager<TService>();
       shm.Start();
       while (true)
       {
       if (conTokenSource.IsCancellationRequested && shm != null)
       {
        shm.Stop();
        break;
       }
       }
      }
      catch (Exception ex)
      {
       Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
       if (shm != null) shm.Stop();
      }
      },conTokenSource.Token);
      return task;
     }
     }

    3.配置的相關參數

    配置文件中注意配置 Service,binding,behaviors. Service中配置endpoint 指明abc ,binding中配置tcp通訊的要關參數,behaivor中配置http請求的 地址

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
    <configuration>
     <system.serviceModel>
     <services>
     <service name="hcbServiceB.User" behaviorConfiguration="userBehavior">
     <endpoint address="net.tcp://localhost:12345/User" binding="netTcpBinding" contract="hcbServiceB.IUser">
      <identity>
      <dns value="localhost"/>
      </identity>
     </endpoint>
     </service>
     </services>
     <bindings>
     <netTcpBinding>
     <binding name="netTcpBindingConfig" closeTimeout="00:30:00" openTimeout="00:30:00" receiveTimeout="00:30:00" sendTimeout="00:30:00" transactionFlow="false" transferMode="Buffered" transactionProtocol="OleTransactions" hostNameComparisonMode="StrongWildcard" listenBacklog="100" maxBufferPoolSize="2147483647" maxBufferSize="2147483647" maxConnections="100" maxReceivedMessageSize="2147483647">
      <readerQuotas maxDepth="64" maxStringContentLength="2147483647" maxArrayLength="2147483647 " maxBytesPerRead="4096" maxNameTableCharCount="16384" />
      <reliableSession ordered="true" inactivityTimeout="00:30:00" enabled="false" />
      <security mode="Transport">
      <transport clientCredentialType="Windows" protectionLevel="EncryptAndSign" />
      </security>
     </binding>
     </netTcpBinding>
     </bindings>
     <behaviors>
     <serviceBehaviors>
     <behavior name="userBehavior">
      <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="True" httpGetUrl="http://localhost:8081/User" />
      <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="True" />
      <serviceThrottling maxConcurrentCalls="1000" maxConcurrentInstances="1000" maxConcurrentSessions="1000" />
     </behavior>
     
     </serviceBehaviors>
     </behaviors>
     </system.serviceModel>
    
    </configuration>

    4.啟動服務

    控制臺中啟動服務

     static void Main(string[] args)
     {
     Console.WriteLine("初始化...");
     Console.WriteLine("服務運行期間,請不要關閉窗口。");
     Console.Title = "wcf net tcp測試 ";
     var cancelTokenSouce = new CancellationTokenSource();
     ServiceHostManager<User>.StartNew(cancelTokenSouce);
     while (true)
     {
      if (Console.ReadKey().Key == ConsoleKey.Escape)
      {
      Console.WriteLine();
      cancelTokenSouce.Cancel();
      break;
      }
     }
     }

    5wcftesttoos軟件測試

    軟件路徑位于,可以根據自己安裝vs的目錄去找。
    D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\Professional\Common7\IDE

    測試


    參考:

    WCF綁定netTcpBinding寄宿到控制臺應用程序:https://www.jb51.net/article/165257.htm

    總結

    以上就是這篇文章的全部內容了,希望本文的內容對大家的學習或者工作具有一定的參考學習價值,謝謝大家對腳本之家的支持。

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